Viṣṇu Purāṇa 4.23.30 is reported to state:
The Golden Age returns when the Sun, Moon, and Jupiter are in Pushya nakṣatra.
The big news is that the Sun, Moon and Jupiter will be in puṣya nakṣatra (which is the area of space around the stars named γ, δ and θ Cancri) on July 27th, 2014, this year! (Japan timezone) And what makes it even more exciting — that’s my 44th birthday! 🙂
So, what’s going to happen? The “golden age will return”? Kalki avatāra will appear and transform Kali Yuga into Satya Yuga?
Well, let’s figure out if that’s possible. Let’s start the investigation by asking, “When was the last time the Sun, Moon and Jupiter joined in Puṣya?”
Jupiter orbits every 12 years, so every 12 years there is a chance for it to be in Puṣya at the same time as the Sun and Moon. The Sun is in Puṣya from late-July ~ early-August. So if Jupiter gets into Puṣya towards the end of July there’s a significant chance for the alignment to occur.
It didn’t happen 12 years ago (2002) because by the time the Moon joined the Sun and Jupiter it was already August 7th and the the Sun had left Puṣya.
12 years before that (1990), The Sun/Moon junction in Puṣya happened on July 22, just a little too soon, Jupiter had not yet gotten there.
In 1979 and 67 Jupiter got into Puṣya too early, late June instead of late July.
In 1955… The alignment was just barely missed.
But 71 years ago, on 1943, on August 1st (Japan time)… bingo! The same alignment occurred.
The next data we need to check is if this is a 71 year cycle or not. So lets look around 1872… On July 19, 1860, the same alignment occurred. That’s a gap of 80 years.
So it doesn’t seem like an extremely rare alignment. “Once in a lifetime” yes, but lifetimes are like moments in terms of epochs, aeons, and ages.
If the alignment described in Vishnu Purāṇa 4.23.30 is indeed talking about the end of Kali Yuga, arrival of Kalki Avatāra, and beginning of the Satya Yuga (“Golden Age”) then Kali Yuga should last only about a lifetime (70 ~ 80 years), and the Golden Age only a few years or even months.
The most widely accepted calculation for the duration of Kali yuga is 432,000 years (of which only c. 5k have passed), and even the most radically short calculation is 1,200 years. Nothing even close to 70~80 years.
So, I don’t think that the Purāṇa is referencing the astrology as, “When X-Y-Z happens, that’s when Kalki will come and end Kali Yuga.” Rather I think it’s saying, “When Kalki comes and ends Kali Yuga, X-Y-Z will be going on astrologically.” It’s like saying, “When the moon was full, I broke my leg.” Its different than saying, “I break my leg when the moon is full.”
This Purāṇic statement makes sense if we read it as, “Kalki comes and ends Kali Yuga, and the Sun-Moon and Jupiter are in Puṣya.” Sun/Moon/Jupiter in Puṣya is a very auspicious combination. This is why it is noted, it is a way of glorifying the Kalki Avatāra.