Courage and Communication – The Third House

Parashara’s Encyclopedic Scripture of Astrology

The Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra

Chapter 13, Verse 4

“The Third House”


vikramaM bhRitya-bhraatraadi

chopadesha prayaaNakam

pitror-vai maraNaM vijño

dushcikyac-cha niriikShayet


vikrama – courage, bravery, power, strength, gait & stride; bhRitya – dependents, employees, servants; bhraatra-adi – siblings; cha – and; upadesha – transference of important information; communication, teaching, advising, instructions, discipleship; prayaaNakam – start of motion, start of journeys, movement towards the ultimate destination (death); pitror – the forefathers; vai – even; maraNaM – death; vijño – the wise; dushcikyaccha – can make difficult pronouncements; niriikShayet – by examining;


By examining the Third House, the wise can speak about one’s courage, dependents and siblings, and one’s capacity to transfer and receive important instructions. It shows one’s ability to start tasks and journeys, and can even pertain to the deaths of one’s fore-bearers.


At this point in our study, We have examined the 1st and 7th Houses – which indicate the self and others respectively. We then examined the two houses physically below these two, the 2nd and 6th Houses, which uphold and support the self and others, respectively. Then we turned our attention to the two houses physically above the 1st and 7th – what are the 12th and 8th houses, the houses which erode the self and others.

Having thus completed our study of the “1/7 axis” we turned our gaze to the other crucial axis in the sky, that which stretches from the sky below us in the 4th house to the sky above us in the 10th. We saw that the 4th pertained to everything private while the 10th pertained to everything public in our lives. Now we are going to examine the houses physically to the East of the 4th and 10th. We will start by examining this house, the Third House.

Remember that the East is the domain of the  1st House and therefore pertains to the self. If the 4th pertains to our inner private emotions and comforts, the house immediately East of the 4th House will pertain to those same issues moving towards becoming a physical, tangible and self-oriented reality, since this house is on the tangible self side of the 4th House.

With that in mind, let us carefully study how the ancient sage Parashara choses to define the Third House.


To take what we have inside us (4th House) and make it a tangible reality (1st House) we need one major ingredient: courage. The Sanskrit word used here is vikrama which literally means “stride.” It’s direct connotation and use in Sanskrit for thousands of years indicates bravery, courage and strength. The connection is along the lines of the way you can look at the way a person walks and understand if they are confident or not. Ask any runway model.

The third house shows ones self-confidence. It show ones personal strength, and power and valor. Without these things we can not fulfill our inner desires!


A courageous, heroic and strong person can take care of a lot of people. Thus as an immediate result of being the house of courage, the Third House becomes the house of dependents. This House describes our capacity to shelter people, employ them and engage them in carrying out our own larger plans.


The 4th House is the Mother. The 3rd House is on the Eastern side of the 4th, it is how the mother generates things which are like ourselves: our siblings. Many astrologers consider that the proximity of the words for dependents and siblings in the Sanskrit definition we are studying implies that the 3rd House specifically refers to younger siblings.


The sage Parashara says that the Third House contains upadesha. This word indicates the transference of important instructions and information. This this house is fairly well known as the domain of communication. It makes sense, again because it is the house that is to the east of the 4th. The 4th House is the reservoir of our inner emotions. When the energy of the 4th House moves eastward and becomes the Third, it indicates that these emotions are seeking to be “given birth” and tangibly realized. This is what inspires authors to write!

Upadesha is also a word reserved for the reception of sacred knowledge from a Guru. The third house therefore concerns ones ability to give and receive advice, and the ability to be situated in genuine discipleship. Being that the 3rd is opposite to the 9th House, the house of the guru, it is understandable that this facet of sacred communication of instructions should also be highlighted by the ancient Sage.

Starting Out

The Third House indicates the initiation of the self moving towards the east and becoming manifest. The sage therefore describes the House with the word prayaaNakam – the starting of movement towards a goal.

Combining this with the fact that the Third House contains your courage – you can understand that any issue pertaining to willpower should be scrutinized with reference to the Third House. This is because willpower is the ability to generate courage, and start out towards bravery.

The word also indicates literally that the 3rd House pertains to the beginning of journeys. Some have said, “short journeys.” I seem to favor “starting journeys.”

Parashara also used this identical word when describing the 7th House. But in the context of the 7th House it there took more of a flavor of the end of the journey.

Deaths in the Family

As usual Parashara gives one or two extended or secondary indications of a house. Here he says that the Third House can even describe the deaths in ones family. My own 3rd lord is quite dramatically placed in my 7th House. It is this sort of thing, in my opinion, that the Sage is referring to here.

– Vic DiCara

©2010 Vic DiCara – All Rights Reserved.